Hello, I am looking for someone to write an essay on Plant Diseases: Bananas. It needs to be at least 500 words.
If no precautions are taken to prevent the spread of banana diseases, typical bananas will be replaced by genetically modified bananas, whose cultivation is only driven by commercial motives that are only short-term.
A Panama disease is a fungal disease caused by Fusarium soil fungus. This fungus, with the help of water, enters the plant through the roots and then travels to the other parts of the plant like leaves, and trunk. Here, it produces gums and gels that hinder the flow of nutrients and water to the other parts of the plant. Therefore, the plant wilts, thus exposing the other parts of the plant to excess amounts of sunlight, which are lethal to its growth. Though the disease was historically reported, it has unfortunately re-emerged again. Within the last five years, the disease has not only been reported in Africa but also in Europe and America, (Koeppel 4). According to Koeppel (6), the economy is losing 4.76% through banana destruction by the disease. Even worse is the fact that the spread of the disease is likely to increase in the coming ten years if necessary control measures are not put in place. This means more loss of money, and low food production, something that negatively affects economic growth.
Current sources indicate that the deadly disease is also affecting Cavendish, the highest quality bananas. The genetic similarity in plants has however made it difficult to prevent the evolution of the resistance of the disease. Researchers are currently examining many and different varieties from the wild in order to determine their resistance (Koeppel 5). However, scientific scientists are currently advising farmers to destroy completely any affected bananas plants and to avoid planting bananas in the same place for at least five years.